Pro­duc­ing con­tent on the Web since 1995.


some say­ings of ר‘משבצונה“ל

For many years I have worked hard, and strug­gled with mas­ter­ing virtuous. Now, in addi­tion, I’m work­ing on becom­ing more virtual.
This is an expres­sion of that effort.
* * * * * * *

השיבנו ה‘ אליך ונשובה חדש ימינו
כעוד לא היו
* * * * * * *
ומביא גאלה…
לצאצאיהם

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All pho­tographs are by Mark Hurvitz unless they are obvi­ously not (or credit oth­er­wise is given).

The pho­tos in the ban­ner at the top (only a shal­low sliver of a much larger photo) are either from our home or our trav­els and are offered for their beauty alone (though a brain-teaser for me: “Where was that?”).

the electronic leaflet

from prayer­book to leaflet

I have been involved in writ­ing and dis­trib­ut­ing leaflets at least since 1966 when our fam­ily com­posed a leaflet [text] we dis­trib­uted in front of our congregation’s Yom Kip­pur obser­vance call­ing atten­tion to the war in Viet­nam.

The Hurvitz Family's Yom Kippur Leaflet calling for an end to the war in Vietnam (1966)

The Hurvitz Family’s Yom Kip­pur Leaflet call­ing for an end to the war in Viet­nam (1966)

Dur­ing the late 1960s and early 1970s I must have put thou­sands of 8.5 x 11 (and a few 14) inch pieces of paper in the hands of passersby. For a while, when peo­ple would avoid me, know­ing that I had some­thing that might chal­lenge their think­ing, I would offer: “free scratch paper” as I extended my hand with the leaflet. This would catch their atten­tion and cause them to take what I pre­sented. When I and my col­leagues became aware of all the paper we were using, we’d col­lect the sheets that got imme­di­ately tossed in the trash (if they were not crum­pled or soiled) and use the flip side to print the next leaflet. I was self-conscious enough of this activ­ity that I made a point of num­ber­ing and dat­ing each leaflet.

first leaflet of the Jewish Radical Community of Los Angeles: American Oppression Divides Black and Jew

first leaflet of the Jew­ish Rad­i­cal Com­mu­nity of Los Ange­les: Amer­i­can Oppres­sion Divides Black and Jew

When I worked as a “Part Time Pro­gram Coor­di­na­tor of the Ombuds­man Project of the Jew­ish Youth and Young Adults Coun­cil of the Jew­ish Federation-Council of Greater Los Ange­les” (phew!) I dis­trib­uted more lit­er­a­ture. It was at that time that I pre­pared the leaflet I men­tioned in a recent post (on April 10, 2010). I also dis­trib­uted a monthly cal­en­dar of youth-oriented events and direc­tory of Jew­ish orga­ni­za­tions around Los Ange­les. And, I pre­pared other items in attempts to attract inter­est to the excite­ment begin­ning to develop in the com­mu­nity. I had a few hun­dred of these bright yel­low cards printed (some­time around 1970) and tacked them up on phone poles and bul­letin boards around the Fair­fax neigh­bor­hood as a “con­scious­ness rais­ing” tool.

Of course, in those days it did not rotate auto­mat­i­cally (thank you Isaac Brynjegard-Bialik). I would put a thumb tack in the cen­ter and hope peo­ple would spin it to read it. The text:

The (green) text reads:
It is told: The sum­mits of the moun­tains on whose gen­tle slopes Israel ben Eliezer lived are straight and steep. In hours of med­i­ta­tion he liked to climb these peaks and stay at the very top for a time. Once he was so deep in ecstasy, he failed to notice that he was at the edge of an abyss, and calmly lifted his feet to walk on. Instantly a neigh­bor­ing moun­tain leaped to the spot, pressed itself close to the other and the Baal Shem pur­sued his way.

The (red) text says Sur­vival Sac­ri­fice (“Sur­vival means Sac­ri­fice” was the slo­gan of the UJA-Federation at the time) and has the (then) phone num­ber and address of the Federation.

survival means sacrifice

sur­vival means sacrifice

from leaflet to web

Many years later, after a long hia­tus from pro­duc­ing pub­lic mate­ri­als for dis­tri­b­u­tion… due to the not-uncommon activ­i­ties of rais­ing a fam­ily, Avi­gail asked if I could help her explain some of the issues sur­round­ing Israel dur­ing the Sec­ond Intifada. in par­tic­u­lar, fol­low­ing the Passover Mas­sacre (which truly was a mas­sacre) and the Bat­tle of Jenin (which def­i­nitely was not a mas­sacre) and the siege of the Church Of The Nativ­ity as well as back­ground infor­ma­tion about Zion­ism and the Jew­ish con­nec­tion to the Land of Israel.
And so I pro­duced a series of 21 leaflets… dis­trib­uted as PDF files, ready to down­load and print, and as text files avail­able for mod­i­fi­ca­tion, stored on my Web site. Col­leagues turn to them reg­u­larly as an avail­able resource for their courses and to offer their young peo­ple away at college.

Resources for Jew­ish Col­lege Stu­dents (and others)

twenty-one down-loadable leaflets
a timeline of the land of israel

leaflet #6: a time line of the land of israel

from web to twitter

And now the world’s com­mu­ni­ca­tions tech­nolo­gies have changed once again.

In Clay Shirky’s book Here Comes Every­body (A book about orga­niz­ing with­out orga­ni­za­tions.) he writes, engag­ingly, about the pow­er­ful com­mu­ni­ca­tions tech­nolo­gies that we each have at our fin­ger­tips: our com­put­ers and cell phones. He describes a vari­ety of society-transforming events that uti­lize some of these tools. I have entered the fray. I do what I can to mas­ter the tech­niques to com­mu­ni­cate what is impor­tant to me and share that with oth­ers who I might never meet face to face. On May 17, I wrote about tweeti­ing #torah to the top as we gather @ sinai. We did not come close to the top ten “trend­ing top­ics” (for the week, after all, we focused on only one day)! But you could sense the joy and excite­ment of Jews and oth­ers from all walks of life and reli­gious back­grounds shar­ing thoughts about Torah, bring­ing Torah to the world.

Then, on Mon­day, May 31, 2010, a flotilla of ships orga­nized to break the block­ade of Gaza was inter­cepted by Israeli sea­men. The result­ing melee on one of those boats, the Mavi Mar­mara, brought on the inter­na­tional inci­dent the orga­niz­ers of the flotilla hoped to achieve.

I have not sup­ported the block­ade, nor (of course) the flotilla, nor the Israeli han­dling of the entire inci­dent. I don’t know that I could have done bet­ter. But, given the vicious­ness of the anti-Israel invec­tive that has ensued I have “taken to the air­waves”. I have sent out hun­dreds of tweets and called on my col­leagues to join me.

On col­league wrote:

My only ques­tion is whether we, the Amer­i­can Jew­ish com­mu­nity, have any recog­ni­tion at all that we have been — in the par­lance of the street — sucker punched. And my sec­ond ques­tion, raised advis­edly in this forum, is sim­ply … where is the out­rage from the reli­gious lead­er­ship of the Amer­i­can Jews? Where is the out­rage? Where?

I have been prepar­ing a more thought­ful response to share at davka.org, but Rabbi X and col­league Y call me to action now.

Do you have a Twit­ter account? I have been post­ing, nearly inces­santly. In a sense “leaflet­ting” elec­tron­i­cally, coun­ter­ing what­ever lies I encounter. Many of our col­leagues are doing the same, but not enough. Please join me. I pre­sume you also saw the post (for­warded by col­league Y) by our Con­ser­v­a­tive col­league Rabbi Z. He sup­plies a num­ber of “ready to release” “Tweets”. I’m sure you can think of more. We are being out­ma­neu­vered by many who have set up fake (fraud­u­lent?) Twit­ter accounts and send­ing hun­dreds of mes­sages a minute. We may be out­num­bered, but we can use what I pre­sume is still ours: Seichel and Yid­dishe Kop. I have (as I sug­gested in advance of Shavuot) sched­uled some Tweets to go out while I am asleep. This enables my mes­sages to be read by peo­ple in other parts of the world (they are awake and active while I am asleep). Some of these Tweets have been picked up and re-tweeted by peo­ple from India, Cyprus, Turkey.

There is much work to be done. You can also orga­nize your con­gre­gants to serve as “tweet banks”. Much pub­lic opin­ion is shaped Online. Don’t aban­don this medium.

fake twit­ter accounts

fake twitter accounts

fake twit­ter accounts

hate and vitriol

israel the pirate state

israel the pirate state


baby killer

reb­mark the baby killer

an exchange regard­ing the process

I have been stand­ing at a “street cor­ner” of hash­tag #Flotilla on the inter­net super­high­way pass­ing out leaflets to all who go by. It is ugly out there. Most of the peo­ple I know drive by. A few wave hello. I go out at var­i­ous times of the day and night (thank you FutureTweets!). This has allowed me to share my pile of leaflets with a wider range of peo­ple in dif­fer­ent parts of the world. Mon­day (June 7, 2010), a young Recon­struc­tion­ist rabbi, who I know hap­pens to share most of my val­ues wrote:

@rebmark How long will you be retweet­ing the same has­barah tweets over and over?

To which I replied:

I stand on the street cor­ner and offer leaflets to dif­fer­ent peo­ple who walk by.

I felt that pri­vate email between the two of us was bet­ter than dis­cussing this in pub­lic so I tracked down his address and wrote:

You know, as much as we don’t like the way this has been han­dled by Israel, there is a war going on. I believe we need to use what­ever tools we have avail­able to reach as many peo­ple pos­si­ble. We need to get our per­spec­tive out there and have it spread. Some tweet­ers have called for our death (yes, you and me) with rather unpleas­ant words. I’m a pretty nice guy. I sup­port Hazon and bike rid­ing, you know, all the right things. But I won’t stand by and let those who will twist the world against me to their own pur­poses (even using fraud­u­lent Twit­ter accounts). If that means that I stand on the street pass­ing out the same (and new leaflets) so be it. I seem to con­tinue to get new read­ers. Con­sider it a form of “car­pet bombing”.

I offered a cou­ple of pre­pared tweets that were absolutely fresh and I had not sent.

  • Reuters brings Faux­tog­ra­phy to the #Gaza #Flotilla #Israel #Pales­tine http://bit.ly/gzfltll14
  • RT @BoBi47: Why is the U.N. not inves­ti­gat­ing “human­i­tar­ian #flotilla” pas­sen­ger list & method of board­ing prior to depart­ing for #Gaza?

He responded, prov­ing Peter Beinart’s point:

But I’m also a left Zion­ist, and I don’t think it’s my respon­si­bil­ity to jus­tify every stu­pid deci­sion made by bad Israeli governments.

He raised a good point:

  • reb­mark And you think RT’ing RW non­sense like this is going to make ppl like us better?
  • If you want to claim #flotilla thing jus­ti­fied, gey gezunt. I don’t think claim­ing Pales­tine is south­ern Syria is going to make the case.

And we ended with my telling him that I do not claim it was jus­ti­fied:
Do you see me write that? I write to counter ugly anti-Israel/Zionist/Jewish com­ments & force thought.

He made valid argu­ments, but, I believe we have to do what­ever we can to cause “cog­ni­tive dis­so­nance”. Silence is assent. And, as my brother, Jay, writes:

What would you con­sider to be legit­i­mate means for Israel to defend herself?

elec­tronic leaflets

I have pre­pared a num­ber of 140-character-or-less messages.

You might find them of some value. I know from my own expe­ri­ence that many of them have caused passersby in the “Twit­ter­sphere” to think twice… if not more. They are sorted into four sep­a­rate groups. Only the last two groups have a par­tic­u­lar sequence. Because the last two groups should be read in sequence I gen­er­ally send them out using FutureTweets at about 10–30 sec­ond intervals.

group one (gen­eral posts):

I don’t agree with all that she writes, but she argues it clearly and well. http://bit.ly/cGYGOH #Gaza #Flotilla #Israel

All Amer­i­cans would defend actions of IDF if those beaten wr their own sons/brothers/husbands/fathers. http://bit.ly/cGYGOH #Gaza #Flotilla

Police inspect­ing car f/ drugs… sur­rounded by gng & beaten w/ pipes: right > use gun, depend on part­ner http://bit.ly/cGYGOH #Gaza #Flotilla

More Pales­tini­ans Homes Demol­ished http://bit.ly/9Mle6n #Hamas #Gaza #Pales­tine #Israel

Final Aban­don­ment of #Gaza — Rad­i­cals & ter­ror­ists have far more patience than inter­na­tional com­mu­nity. #Flotilla http://bit.ly/gzfltll16

RT @fmaidment: #Turkey divided over #flotilla vio­lence (@redstate) http://bit.ly/aTxwrf (@TMRNetwork) http://bit.ly/9Ws8Gx #Gaza #Israel

Deep fear, trau­matic residue: blownup buses, rock­ets, pounded into rhythm of grow­ing #Iran threat. http://bit.ly/gzfltll15 #Gaza #Flotilla

Reuters brings Faux­tog­ra­phy to the #Gaza #Flotilla #Israel #Pales­tine http://bit.ly/gzfltll14

RT @BoBi47: Why is the U.N. not inves­ti­gat­ing “human­i­tar­ian #flotilla” pas­sen­ger list & method of board­ing prior to depart­ing for #Gaza?

#Turkey respon­si­ble for #Gaza #Flotilla cri­sis, not #Israel http://tinyurl.com/39ql5ss

Jonathon Nar­vey: Free oppressed #Kur­dis­tan, join the aid #flotilla against crim­i­nal #Turkey regime http://tinyurl.com/23fz972 #Israel #Gaza

#Turkey ’s out­rage over #flotilla vio­lence is mis­di­rected http://tinyurl.com/2uwarlu #Kur­dis­tan #Armen­ian #Geno­cide #Israel #Pales­tine #Gaza

PM #Erdo­gan wants to visit #Gaza, how would he feel about PM #Netanyahu vis­it­ing #Kurds? #Turkey #Israel

RT @shahriar: #flotilla cap­tain who defied naval direc­tives is respon­si­ble > injuries+death of aid work­ers & Israeli sol­diers. #Gaza #Israel

#Flotilla cnfrms pro­found, nearly unques­tioned prob: intel­lec­tual, moral #siege / #Israel by “Respectable World”. http://bit.ly/gzfltll6

Youtube blocked in #Turkey. Addi­tions made for dis­abling acces­si­bil­ity of Youtube via DNSs http://bit.ly/gzfltll5 #Gaza #Israel #Flotilla

RT @mdp4202: Rachel Cor­rie Proves #Israel Doesn‘t Need Com­man­dos or Shoot­ings #Gaza #Flotilla NO! 1st 5 boats prove that!

Sail Inter­net #flotilla > #Turkey w/ wire­less routers pro­vide free Inter­net beyond ter­ri­to­r­ial H2O http://bit.ly/gzfltll5 #Gaza #Israel

#Turkey Web devel­oper: clients’ sites crawl cause they have google ana­lyt­ics. must be joke? http://bit.ly/gzfltll5 #Gaza #Israel #Flotilla

don’t like block­ade, I admit #Gaza is under siege, but human­i­tar­ian cri­sis? http://www.rootsclub.ps/ #Israel #Pales­tine #flotilla

’Peace con­voy’? This was an Islamist ter­ror ambush http://bit.ly/gzfltll7 #Gaza #Flotilla #Israel

RT @jstrevino: Remem­ber when #flotilla peo­ple expressed deep con­cern for human­ity, were angry over Cop­tic per­se­cu­tion in #Egypt? No? #Gaza

#Hamas, #Israel, & #Gaza #flotilla: 7 facts you need to know http://bit.ly/gzfltll1 pls rt

How would #Turkey react to a boat­load from #Israel attempt­ing to land aid to the PKK? http://bit.ly/gzfltll7 #Gaza #Flotilla

Why is #Pales­tine ‘ a sec­ond #Cyprus ’ for Turks? http://bit.ly/gzfltll2 #Gaza #Flotilla #Israel #Turkey

#Flotilla “shahids” (mar­tyrs) sail frm N #Cyprus, UN calls occu­pied. Tell 1,000,000 #Arme­ni­ans re #Turk­ish jus­tice http://bit.ly/aWpTUk

Pos­si­ble? #Turkey & #Iran engi­neered inci­dent to keep UNSC busy as new sanc­tions on Iran looms. #Gaza #Flotilla #Israel #Palestine

RT @iRevolt: Turkey never for­give Israel (15,000 mourn @ funeral of 8 dead #flotilla) http://bit.ly/dhB3a5 & #Arme­nia? http://bit.ly/aWpTUk

Just how hun­gry is #Gaza? http://bit.ly/gzfltll9 #Israel #Flotilla

#Turkey Erdo­gan bears respon­si­bil­ity in #flotilla fiasco (Wash­ing­ton Post) http://bit.ly/gzfltll10 #Gaza #Israel #Palestine

RT @thezub: Head of IHH, 1 of so-called “human­i­tar­ian” orgs that orga­nized “Free­dom Flotilla” at Hamas rally in 2009. http://bit.ly/9nLUD9

#Hamas pro­hibits visit Gilad Shalit, include Red Cross, vio­late Geneva Con­ven­tion & intrntnl legal require­ments #Gaza http://bit.ly/gldshlt

#TURKEY has BLOOD on its hands, NOT #Israel http://tinyurl.com/255ksq2 #Free­dom­Flotilla #Flotilla #Gaza

#HAMAS respon­si­ble 4 suf­fer­ing of #Pales­tine & #Israel : RACIST CHARTER http://bit.ly/d2ta73 #Free­dom­Flotilla #Flotilla #Gaza

B4 depar­ture: Activists chant INTIFADA songs, praise MARTYRDOM http://tinyurl.com/2bkseol #Free­dom­Flotilla #Flotilla #Gaza

RT @Uplication: @dogdazed Nobody tried to kill peo­ple on ship. Other ships where no lynch attempt was made on sol­diers are proof #Flotilla

RT @dominiofeminino: Where are #Israel ene­mies? 26 ppl To be exe­cuted in Tehran in 48 hrs http://tinyurl.com/3ynpa42 #Iran #Gaza #Flotilla

Eye­less in #Gaza? Maybe you, not him… http://bit.ly/gzfltll12 #Free­dom­Flotilla #Flotilla #Israel #Hamas

World is tired… these trou­ble­some Jews, refus­ing every invi­ta­tion > national sui­cide. http://bit.ly/gzfltll13 #Gaza #Flotilla #Israel #Hamas

http://www.arabianawareness.com/ refuses to rec­og­nize a 2-State solu­tion. See image on home page #Gaza #Israel #Pales­tine #Flotilla

war crimes WERE com­mit­ted by those who orga­nized & spon­sored #flotilla http://tinyurl.com/327qp9s #Israel #Gaza

RT @Martin_Kramer: Ras­mussen: 49% of U.S. Vot­ers Blame Activists > Flotilla Deaths, 19% Blame Israel, Weekly http://goo.gl/fb/d9SNq

group two (israel and palestine)

Fall of Ottoman Emp in World War I Britain/France occupy Kur­dis­tan. Now 30 mlln Kurds occu­pied by Turkey Syria Iraq & Iran Who complains?

From 1948 through 1967 #Egypt occu­pied #Gaza Who com­plained? #Flotilla #Israel

#Pales­tine = Syria, nvr sep­a­rate frm… con­nected / national/religious/lngstc/natural/economic/geographic bonds. http://bit.ly/bINUlQ Muhsein

#Pales­tine ? Resolve: 1st Con­gress: Muslim-Christian Ass­ctns; Jerusalem, Feb, 1919 meet choose reps > Paris Peace Conf. http://bit.ly/bINUlQ

No such coun­try! #Pales­tine = term Zion­ists invented! Is no Pales­tine in Bible. Our coun­try > cen­turies part/ Syria. Auni Bey Abdul-Hadi

“There is no such thing as ‘Pales­tine’ in his­tory, absolutely not.” Arab-Amer hstrn, Prince­ton U Prof Philip Hitti 1946 http://bit.ly/duZbVC

#Pales­tine part/ Province of Syria… polit­i­cally, Arabs of Pales­tine not inde­pen­dent in sense of form­ing sep­a­rate polit­i­cal entity… #Zionism

Arab Higher Com­mit­tee rep­re­sen­ta­tive to the United Nations at the Gen­eral Assem­bly, May, 1947 http://bit.ly/a3P5zV #Pales­tine #Zionism

Com­mon knowl­edge that #Pales­tine = noth­ing but south­ern Syria. Ahmed Shuqeiri (1ce chair­man PLO) > Secu­rity Coun­cil http://bit.ly/a3P5zV

From 1948 — 1967 there were no Israelis in the “West Bank” or #Gaza. Arab states called all of #Israel “Occu­pied #Pales­tine”. #Zionism

Who com­plained, call: West Bank “Occu­pied Ter­ri­to­ries” dur­ing 19 yrs after #Israel War/Independence 1948 as #Egypt occu­pied #Gaza?

Who com­plained, call: West Bank “Occu­pied Ter­ri­to­ries” dur­ing 19 yrs after #Israel War/Independence 1948 as #Jor­dan occu­pied West Bank?

Pales­tin­ian nation­al­ism now real, #Pales­tine peo­ple must rec­og­nize right of Jew­ish peo­ple to national mvmnt: #Zion­ism. http://bit.ly/whtznsm

group three (israel and the land)

based on leaflet #11 of Resources for Jew­ish Col­lege Students

Israel and the Land (some high­lights) http://bit.ly/whtznsm [ #Gaza #Pales­tine #Flotilla #Zion­ism #Israel ]

1020–1000 BC Saul becomes king of Hebrew tribes I Samuel 9:15–27, 10:1 http://bit.ly/whtznsm [ #Gaza #Pales­tine #Flotilla #Zion­ism #Israel ]

1000–961 BC Reign of David II Samuel 5: 1–5 http://bit.ly/whtznsm [ #Gaza #Pales­tine #Flotilla #Zion­ism #Israel ]

961–922 BC Reign of Solomon I Kings 1: 32–40 http://bit.ly/whtznsm [ #Gaza #Pales­tine #Flotilla #Zion­ism #Israel ]

922 BC King­dom of Israel div> 2 king­doms Israel/Judah I Kings 11:29–43 http://bit.ly/whtznsm [ #Gaza #Pales­tine #Flotilla #Zion­ism #Israel ]

853 BC King Ahab fights the Arameans http://bit.ly/whtznsm [ #Gaza #Pales­tine #Flotilla #Zion­ism #Israel ]

722 BC Assyria con­quers Israel II Kings 17:1–6 http://bit.ly/whtznsm [ #Gaza #Pales­tine #Flotilla #Zion­ism #Israel ]

701 BC King Hezekiah digs Siloam tunnl II Kings 20:20, Isa­iah 22:10–11 http://bit.ly/whtznsm [ #Gaza #Pales­tine #Flotilla #Zion­ism #Israel ]

586 BC Baby­lon con­quers Judah II Kings 25:1–12 http://bit.ly/whtznsm [ #Gaza #Pales­tine #Flotilla #Zion­ism #Israel ]

539 BC Exiles return from Baby­lon Ezra 1:1–11 http://bit.ly/whtznsm [ #Gaza #Pales­tine #Flotilla #Zion­ism #Israel ]

516 BC Ded­i­ca­tion of Sec­ond Tem­ple Ezra 4:23–24, 5:1–5 http://bit.ly/whtznsm [ #Gaza #Pales­tine #Flotilla #Zion­ism #Israel ]

332 BC Con­quest of Jerusalem by Alexan­der the Great http://bit.ly/whtznsm [ #Gaza #Pales­tine #Flotilla #Zion­ism #Israel ]

250 BC The Greek trans­la­tion of the Bible is pub­lished http://bit.ly/whtznsm [ #Gaza #Pales­tine #Flotilla #Zion­ism #Israel ]

168–165 BC Mac­cabean Revolt http://bit.ly/whtznsm [ #Gaza #Pales­tine #Flotilla #Zion­ism #Israel ]

63 BC Roman con­quest of Jerusalem (through 313 AD) http://bit.ly/whtznsm [ #Gaza #Pales­tine #Flotilla #Zion­ism #Israel ]

37–4 BC Reign of Herod the Great http://bit.ly/whtznsm [ #Gaza #Pales­tine #Flotilla #Zion­ism #Israel ]

19/20 BC Herod rebuilds Tem­ple in Jerusalem http://bit.ly/whtznsm [ #Gaza #Pales­tine #Flotilla #Zion­ism #Israel ]

66–73 Jew­ish rebel­lions against Romans http://bit.ly/whtznsm [ #Gaza #Pales­tine #Flotilla #Zion­ism #Israel ]

70 The Destruc­tion of the Tem­ple in Jerusalem http://bit.ly/whtznsm [ #Gaza #Pales­tine #Flotilla #Zion­ism #Israel ]

73 Fall of Masada http://bit.ly/whtznsm [ #Gaza #Pales­tine #Flotilla #Zion­ism #Israel ]

135 Bar Kokhba Rebel (Romans destroy rem­nants > Jew­ish sov­er­eignty) http://bit.ly/whtznsm [ #Gaza #Pales­tine #Flotilla #Zion­ism #Israel ]

200 Cod­i­fi­ca­tion of Jew­ish oral law (Mish­nah) com­pleted in Yavneh http://bit.ly/whtznsm [ #Gaza #Pales­tine #Flotilla #Zion­ism #Israel ]

313–616 Byzan­tine Rule http://bit.ly/whtznsm [ #Gaza #Pales­tine #Flotilla #Zion­ism #Israel ]

390 Com­men­tary on the Mish­nah (Jerusalem Tal­mud) com­pleted http://bit.ly/whtznsm [ #Gaza #Pales­tine #Flotilla #Zion­ism #Israel ]

614 Per­sian Inva­sion http://bit.ly/whtznsm [ #Gaza #Pales­tine #Flotilla #Zion­ism #Israel ]

636‑1099 Arab Rule http://bit.ly/whtznsm [ #Gaza #Pales­tine #Flotilla #Zion­ism #Israel ]

691 On site of First/Second Tem­ples in Jerusalem, Dome of Rock built http://bit.ly/whtznsm [ #Gaza #Pales­tine #Flotilla #Zion­ism #Israel ]

1099–1291 Cru­sader Dom­i­na­tion (Latin King­dom of Jerusalem) http://bit.ly/whtznsm [ #Gaza #Pales­tine #Flotilla #Zion­ism #Israel ]

1291–1516 Mam­luk Rule http://bit.ly/whtznsm [ #Gaza #Pales­tine #Flotilla #Zion­ism #Israel ]

1517–1917 Ottoman Rule http://bit.ly/whtznsm [ #Gaza #Pales­tine #Flotilla #Zion­ism #Israel ]

1564 Code of Jew­ish law (Shul­han Arukh) pub­lished http://bit.ly/whtznsm [ #Gaza #Pales­tine #Flotilla #Zion­ism #Israel ]

1577 Hebrew print­ing started in Safed. 1st press in Ottoman Empire. http://bit.ly/whtznsm [ #Gaza #Pales­tine #Flotilla #Zion­ism #Israel ]

1860 1st neigh­bor­hood (Mishkenot Sha’ananim) built out Jerusalem walls http://bit.ly/whtznsm [ #Gaza #Pales­tine #Flotilla #Zion­ism #Israel ]

1882–1903 1st large-scale immi­gra­tion mainly from Rus­sia http://bit.ly/whtznsm [ #Gaza #Pales­tine #Flotilla #Zion­ism #Israel ]

1904–1914 2nd large-scale immi­gra­tion mainly from Rus­sia and Poland http://bit.ly/whtznsm [ #Gaza #Pales­tine #Flotilla #Zion­ism #Israel ]

1909 1st Kib­butz (Dega­nia) & 1st mod­ern Jew­ish city (Tel Aviv) founded http://bit.ly/whtznsm [ #Gaza #Pales­tine #Flotilla #Zion­ism #Israel ]

1918–1948 British Rule http://bit.ly/whtznsm [ #Gaza #Pales­tine #Flotilla #Zion­ism #Israel ]

1948 State of Israel estab­lished (& Pales­tin­ian State)> United Nations http://bit.ly/whtznsm [ #Gaza #Pales­tine #Flotilla #Zion­ism #Israel ]

group four (what is zionism)

based on leaflet #18 of Resources for Jew­ish Col­lege Students

What is #Zion­ism? [ #Gaza #Pales­tine #Flotilla #Israel ] http://bit.ly/whtznsm

#Zion­ism is the national lib­er­a­tion move­ment of the #Jew­ish peo­ple. [ #Gaza #Pales­tine #Flotilla #Israel ]

You may have always thought Jews were a reli­gion. They are that, and more. [ #Gaza #Pales­tine #Flotilla #Zion­ism #Israel ]

Through long world his­tory many national states arose & fell. [ #Gaza #Pales­tine #Flotilla #Zion­ism #Israel ]

Among these: great empires: Sume­ria, Assyria, Baby­lo­nia, Egypt, Greece, Per­sia and Rome. [ #Gaza #Pales­tine #Flotilla #Zion­ism #Israel ]

Smaller states also existed. Among them: Jebusites, Moabites, Ammonites & Judahites. [ #Gaza #Pales­tine #Flotilla #Zion­ism #Israel ]

Back then when 1 defeated another, defeated peo­ple & its iden­tity dis­ap­peared from his­tory. [ #Gaza #Pales­tine #Flotilla #Zion­ism #Israel ]

Rare instances this didn’t occur & group con­tin­ued to play a role in con­tem­po­rary affairs. [ #Gaza #Pales­tine #Flotilla #Zion­ism #Israel ]

You will not meet a Jebusite, Moabite, nor an Ammonite in the mall… [ #Gaza #Pales­tine #Flotilla #Zion­ism #Israel ]

…even though peo­ple now live in the area long-ago known as Jebus, Moab and Ammon. [ #Gaza #Pales­tine #Flotilla #Zion­ism #Israel ]

You will meet descen­dants the ancient Baby­lo­ni­ans, known today as Chaldeans, [ #Gaza #Pales­tine #Flotilla #Zion­ism #Israel ]

Per­sians destroyed Chaldeans’ empire & they never again held polit­i­cal power in their land. [ #Gaza #Pales­tine #Flotilla #Zion­ism #Israel ]

Chaldeans live in Detroit, San Diego, & in their native land now known as Iraq. [ #Gaza #Pales­tine #Flotilla #Zion­ism #Israel ]

Can also meet descen­dants of ancient Israelites & cousins Judahites, “Jews” (for short) [ #Gaza #Pales­tine #Flotilla #Zion­ism #Israel ]

Sim­i­lar to Amer­i­can peo­ple who carry ideal of “life, lib­erty, & pur­suit of hap­pi­ness,” [ #Gaza #Pales­tine #Flotilla #Zion­ism #Israel ]

Jew­ish peo­ple carry set of ideas through long his­tory, these ideas called “Judaism”. [ #Gaza #Pales­tine #Flotilla #Zion­ism #Israel ]

This is why Jews are thought of as being a reli­gion. [ #Gaza #Pales­tine #Flotilla #Zion­ism #Israel ]

Nearly 2000 years ago, while suf­fer­ing under oppres­sive Roman Empire’s occu­pa­tion [ #Gaza #Pales­tine #Flotilla #Zion­ism #Israel ]

Jews rose up & fought for lib­er­a­tion. Fol­low­ing 2 major upris­ings, span­ning gen­er­a­tions… [ #Gaza #Pales­tine #Flotilla #Zion­ism #Israel ]

Rome destroyed nearly all ves­tiges of Judaeans’ (Jews’) pres­ence in their land. [ #Gaza #Pales­tine #Flotilla #Zion­ism #Israel ]

West­ern retain­ing wall of their Tem­ple still stands as a reminder of their sov­er­eignty. [ #Gaza #Pales­tine #Flotilla #Zion­ism #Israel ]

Ruins of meet­ing houses, known as syn­a­gogues are found through­out the land. [ #Gaza #Pales­tine #Flotilla #Zion­ism #Israel ]

Dur­ing the fol­low­ing two mil­len­nia, Jews lived among other peo­ples. [ #Gaza #Pales­tine #Flotilla #Zion­ism #Israel ]

Jews with oth­ers’ sor­rows & shared in their suc­cesses; often attacked for being “out­sider”. [ #Gaza #Pales­tine #Flotilla #Zion­ism #Israel ]

In the late 1800s Jews all over the world began return­ing to the land of their ori­gin. [ #Gaza #Pales­tine #Flotilla #Zion­ism #Israel ]

They orga­nized to make this pos­si­ble. Jews raised money and pur­chased land. [ #Gaza #Pales­tine #Flotilla #Zion­ism #Israel ]

Jews trained selves to farm & work in indus­try; estab­lished infra­struc­ture of new soci­ety. [ #Gaza #Pales­tine #Flotilla #Zion­ism #Israel ]

This effort is called Zion­ism. The fruit of this effort is Israel. [ #Gaza #Pales­tine #Flotilla #Zion­ism #Israel ]

Jews: every color/race, every cor­ner of world are wel­comed to return rebuild this soci­ety… [ #Gaza #Pales­tine #Flotilla #Zion­ism #Israel ]

The mod­ern State of Israel. Zion­ism is not racism. [ #Gaza #Pales­tine #Flotilla #Zion­ism #Israel ]

What is #Zion­ism? [ #Gaza #Pales­tine #Flotilla #Israel ] http://bit.ly/whtznsm

Both the but­ton above and this one I fea­ture here date from approx­i­mately the same period, the late 1960s early 1970s. While I know that I have sac­ri­ficed a vari­ety of things for our sur­vival, I pre­fer, at this moment to stress my con­cern about stop­ping Arab ter­ror in its var­i­ous man­i­fes­ta­tions. When the but­ton was pro­duced, we thought in terms of “Arab” ter­ror orga­nized by sec­u­lar­ists. Now we are more likely to think in terms of “Mus­lim” ter­ror. My how the world shifts in sub­tle ways.

stop arab terror

stop arab terror

Date: 1974
Size: 3.8
Pin Form: straight
Print Method: cel­lu­loid
Text STOP
ARAB
TERROR

your lapel buttons

Many peo­ple have lapel but­tons. They may be attached to a favorite hat or jacket you no longer wear, or poked into a cork-board on your wall. If you have any lay­ing around that you do not feel emo­tion­ally attached to, please let me know. I pre­serve these for the Jew­ish peo­ple. At some point they will all go to an appro­pri­ate museum. You can see all the but­tons shared to date.

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